Annual Plant Reviews, Molecular Aspects of Plant Disease by Jane Parker

By Jane Parker

In recent times, our figuring out of the mechanisms focused on a plant's resistance to assault through disorder, has noticeable significant advances.

this crucial new name, a part of Blackwell Publishing's Annual Plant stories sequence, offers innovative stories of every of the foremost points of the topic .

Edited via Dr Jane Parker from the Max-Planck Institute, Molecular features of Plant ailment Resistance contains contributions from some of the world's best researcher within the quarter. insurance contains the evolution of plant-virus interactions and plant resistance loci, the position of plant secondary metabolites, plant systemic resistance, oomycete genomics, intracellular immune receptors, transcriptional reprogramming, fungal biotrophy, chemical ecology of plant-insect interactions, bacterial sort III effectors and host belief of PAMPs

This interesting publication is vital interpreting for all these concerned with plant-pathogen interactions together with plant and agricultural scientists, molecular biologists and microbiologists.

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Sp. , 2005). In all cases studied so far, it remains unclear whether toxininduced plant immune responses constitute an unavoidable consequence of toxin action or, alternatively, toxins have a second role as PAMPs that are perceived by plant PRRs. , 2006). NLPs trigger a multifaceted plant immune response in various dicotyledonous plants, but not in monocotyledonous plants. , 2006). NLPs are not present in higher eukaryotes including plants and were shown to be virulence factors in Erwinia spp. , 2005).

Thus, NLPs appear to fulfil the criteria of a ‘classical’ PAMP. However, unlike PAMPs, NLPs are not ‘on display’ on the microbial surface but are produced strongly at later stages of infection. , 2002). It is notable that a Phytophthora-derived NLP restored the virulence of NLP-deficient Erwinia carotovora mutants, suggesting that NLPs from both sources share the same molecular mode of action (our unpublished data). Other characteristics of NLPs further distinguish them from ‘classical’ PAMPs. 1).

1991, 1999; Nurnberger 1994; Felix and Boller, 2003). , 2001). Surprisingly, this mutation also negatively affected binding of flg22 to the extracytoplasmic LRR domain of FLS2, suggesting that overall stability or conformation of the receptor was affected. , 2006). , 2001) (Fig. 2). Altogether available evidence suggests that phosphorylation of FLS2 (by its own intrinsic PK activity or by another yet unknown PK) is a crucial element of flagellin sensing/signalling. , 2007). Bak1 mutants were (partially) insensitive to both flg22 and elf18, albeit to different degrees.

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