By Meenal Shrivastava, Lorna Stefanick
Sooner than may possibly 2015, the oil-rich jurisdiction of Alberta had, for over 4 a long time, been a one-party kingdom. in the course of that point, the guideline of the revolutionary Conservatives basically went unchallenged, with opinions of presidency coverage falling on deaf ears and Alberta score at the back of different provinces in voter turnout. Given the province’s monetary reliance on oil sales, a symbiotic dating additionally built among govt and the oil undefined. Cross-national stories have detected a correlation among oil-dependent economies and authoritarian rule, a trend relatively obtrusive in Africa and the center East. Alberta Oil and the Decline of Democracy in Canada units out to check the “oil inhibits democracy” speculation within the context of an industrialized kingdom within the international North.
In probing the impression of Alberta’s strong oil foyer at the health and wellbeing of democracy within the province, participants to the quantity have interaction with an ongoing dialogue of the erosion of political liberalism within the West. as well as interpreting strength coverage and problems with executive responsibility in Alberta, they discover the ramifications of oil dependence in parts corresponding to Aboriginal rights, environmental coverage, labour legislations, women’s fairness, city social coverage, and the humanities. If, as they argue, reliance on oil has weakened democratic buildings in Alberta, then what of Canada as complete, the place the temporary priorities of the oil proceed to form federal coverage? In Alberta, the hot Democratic occasion is able to opposite the democratic deficit that's almost immediately fuelling political and fiscal inequality. The findings during this ebook recommend that, to revitalize democracy, provincial and federal leaders alike needs to locate the braveness to cut back the impression of the oil on governance.
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Extra info for Alberta Oil and the Decline of Democracy in Canada
2005. ” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, 1–4 September, Washington, DC. Stanford, Jim. 2008. ” Studies in Political Economy 82 (Autumn): 7–34. ———. 2013. ” The Progressive Economics Forum: The Staple Theory @ 50. ca/2013/12/23/the-staple-theory-50-jimstanford/. Tamas, Gaspar. 2011. Big Ideas: Gaspar Tamas on the Failure of Liberal Democracy. TVO video. org/video/167943/gaspar-tamas-failure-liberal-democracy. Introduction 27 Tsui, Kevin K. 2011.
Moreover, it is also clear that while the particular manifestation of the democratic deficit may be different in Alberta and Canada than elsewhere, the general oil versus democracy theme has relevance in various parts of the world. Finally, we cannot ignore the fact that while many jurisdictions in the Global South have the additional burden of colonialism, which adds to the democratic malaise, Canada’s own internal colonization of its Indigenous population dampens its claims to having healthy democratic institutions.
Neoliberalism is the discourse of governance that informs the economistic separation of democratic spheres and only allows for minimalistic conceptions of liberal democratic theory. In this discourse, key institutions operating in the economic sphere are represented as nonpolitical or beyond politics (Plattner 2013). In practice, of course, policies affecting economic institutions such as central banks and business corporations involve a combination of public and private power and have deep implications for questions of social justice, distribution, and economic performance, all of which are deeply political questions.