By United Nations
The goals of the examine are to map and examine current exchange agreements within the sector and their product assurance, relatively agricultural items, in addition to linked tariff and non-tariff obstacles and to derive implications and suggestions and directions for alternate coverage negotiations. It includes either quantitative and qualitative analyses of liberalization efforts within the zone of agricultural exchange, which came about in parallel to negotiations on agricultural alternate liberalization within the context of Doha improvement schedule. It presents an up to date, trustworthy account of preferential alternate in Asia with recognize to agriculture. The learn additionally features a evaluate of agricultural reform in China.
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Extra info for Agricultural Trade: Planting the Seeds of Regional Liberalization in Asia - A Study by the Asia-Pacific Research and Training Network on Trade (Studies in Trade and Investment)
In employment or tax revenue records). For example, while agriculture provided paid employment in India for only 5 per cent of the labour force during 2004, its rural population forms the largest part of the total population. This means the sector is instrumental in ensuring rural development and provision of livelihood security. When it comes to the negotiation of preferential liberalization, which often embraces “made to measure” liberalization, this sector (is more likely than others) will be granted longer transitional periods, lesser tariff cuts and other exemptions in order for it to become a vehicle for rural development.
As an introduction to these chapters, some views are offered here on why there is asymmetry between agricultural and industrial goods coverage in PTAs. The list here is not exhaustive and in the chapters that follow, these and some other important reasons are discussed in greater detail. Table 7. Leading forces influencing the degree of agricultural trade liberalization Forces against liberalization • Intense lobbying by agricultural interest groups Forces for liberalization • The Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture and the Cairns Group • The argument for food security • Quality standards and food safety • Agricultural policy inconsistencies in the developed world • Intrinsic characteristics of agriculture • New domestic pressures • Agricultural non-trade concerns • Growing international pressures • Food dependence (net food importers) • Internationalization of agribusiness • Preferential trade agreements corporations • International migration of farmers Source: Jank, Fuchsloch and Kutaes (2002).
Although the share of agriculture in national outputs has been declining, agriculture and agricultural trade still play a very important role in the SAEs (table 2). Agriculture contributes to about 26 per cent of the regional gross domestic product (GDP), (ranging from 21 per cent in Maldives to 41 per cent in Nepal). Rural populations on average account for more than two thirds of the regional population (64 per cent in Pakistan to 93 per cent in Bhutan). Nearly three-quarters of the labour force in the region is involved in agriculture and the prevalence of poverty in the rural sector is very high.