By Mark Simmons
This is often the tale of the main profitable German secret agent of global warfare II, the Albanian Elyesa Bazna - an untrained opportunist.
Bazna labored as a valet to the British ambassador to Turkey in Ankara. He photographed 'Top Secret' fabric, which he offered for large sums to the Germans. He grew to become the main hugely paid undercover agent in historical past. even if, he by no means obtained to get pleasure from his ill-gotten earnings, for the British banknotes he demanded got here from 'Operation Bernhard', the counterfeiting venture manage via the SD, the Nazi international espionage division.
Cicero even stumbled throughout 'Operation Overlord', code-name for D-Day. as a result of in-fighting among a number of German departments, complete use used to be by no means made up of this. Having accessed lately published British mystery provider records - the affair has continually been a humiliation to the British.
Mark Simmons weaves jointly own bills by way of the best characters and data from top-secret documents from MI5, MI6 and the CIA to inform the brilliant tale of Agent Cicero.
Read or Download Agent Cicero: Hitler's Most Successful Spy PDF
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Extra info for Agent Cicero: Hitler's Most Successful Spy
6 To focus unduly on Stalin’s role, and on antisemitism in general, one would have to ignore the place of contingency and pragmatism in specific Soviet decisions regarding the Holocaust. It also diverts attention from broader ideological considerations, particularly the Party’s unwillingness to define its Jews as members of a nation and its call for their complete assimilation into the general population. A more fruitful approach would tie Soviet attitudes on the Jewishness of the Holocaust and concomitant actions by the authorities toward the Jews in the soviet union, the holocaust, and auschwitz 31 the occupied territories to the Party’s evolving tactical and strategic goals, for there does not seem to have been an unchanging party line on how to respond to, or label, the Soviet Jewish victims.
Depending on time and locality, the Einsatzgruppen were aided in their grim mission by Wehrmacht units, special police units, Waffen SS brigades, and the local population, whose collaboration was most extensive in the Baltic states, Moldavia, and western Ukraine. The greatest number of executions of Soviet Jews took place from 22 June 1941 until the winter of 1941–42. From the beginning of 1943, when the tide of the war turned, until the Nazis were removed from Soviet territory in 1944, the numbers declined, although Jews continued to be murdered even as the German army retreated.
Air Force used shuttle bases in Ukraine as layover points for raids deep into Central Europe, but the Soviets carefully scrutinized all targets, making the use of these bases problematic and ineffective. 17 Among the reasons cited for the unwillingness of the British and the Americans to bomb Auschwitz were the absence of the right kind of aircraft, fear of bombs killing the prisoners, the ease with which the Germans could repair the rail lines, Roosevelt’s unawareness of the bombing proposal, opposition from some leaders of the World Jewish Congress and the Jewish Agency for Israel, and the belief that the Germans would find other ways to kill the prisoners even if the gas chambers and crematoria were destroyed.