By Alton Meister
Advances in Enzymology and comparable parts of Molecular Biology is a seminal sequence within the box of biochemistry, providing researchers entry to authoritative studies of the newest discoveries in all components of enzymology and molecular biology. those landmark volumes date again to 1941, supplying an unequalled view of the old improvement of enzymology. The sequence bargains researchers the newest figuring out of enzymes, their mechanisms, reactions and evolution, roles in complicated organic procedure, and their software in either the laboratory and undefined. each one quantity within the sequence gains contributions by way of major pioneers and investigators within the box from all over the world. All articles are rigorously edited to make sure thoroughness, caliber, and clarity.
With its wide variety of subject matters and lengthy historic pedigree, Advances in Enzymology and comparable components of Molecular Biology can be utilized not just through scholars and researchers in molecular biology, biochemistry, and enzymology, but in addition by means of any scientist attracted to the invention of an enzyme, its homes, and its applications.
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Extra info for Advances in Enzymology and Related Areas of Molecular Biology, Volume 32 (v. 32)
A thromboplastically active fraction, easily soluble in most organic solvents, has been isolated from beef lungs (42). This material is stable to hest and oxidizing agents, but its chemical nature is unknown. This is not the place to discuss the role of the blood platelets in blood coagulation. Their origin, properties and function have been reviewed in a very complete monograph by Tocantins (211) and, more recently, by Quick (173b). It isunfortunate that the difficulty of obtaining these fragile bodies in sufficient quantity has, for the time being, prevented attempts to isolate the thromboplastic protein by the high-speed centrifugation of platelet extracts.
The Activator System It has long been known that tissue cells and blood platelets contain an agent which by its postulated activating effect on prothrombin is assumed to initiate the process of blood coagulation. This factor or, better, these factors, known by a multiplicity of names, have been described by their several rediscoverers as either thermolabile and soluble in water (52, 87, 97, 228), or thermostable and soluble in alcohol and ether (189, 190). The innumerable controversies between the adherents of these two groups were finally resolved by the recognition that both were right, with the reservation, however, that the lability to heat of the water-soluble factor is not pronounced in purified preparations and may be due to the presence of contaminating substances in the crude specimens.
Our present knowledge of the chemistry of fibrinogen suffers from all the 44 ERWlN CHARGAFF limitations and uncertainties tjo which our understanding of the chemistry of proteins is still subject. In addition, the investigation of fibrinogen is made difficult by the lack of methods for the preparation of this delicate protein in an electrolyte-free and unaltered state. Most analyses, therefore, have been carried out with fibrin, thus assuming what remains to be shown, namely, that, the chemical changes involved in the conversion of fibrinogen to fibrin are too small to affect the chemical composition of the respective proteins noticeably.