By Lucille H. Campey
Scots who opted for pioneer existence in Prince Edward Island are the topic of this publication. Being the 1st of the "northern" colonies to be bought off in its entirety to owners within the past due eighteenth century, P.E.I. received its Scots earliest, doing so even prior to the beginning of the yankee struggle of Independence in 1775. The colonization of Prince Edward Island via Scots takes us again to a interval while the method of emigration and payment have been of their infancy.
The Pioneer Scots of Prince Edward Island should still command our admire. They confirmed super braveness and backbone and so much have been successful.
Previous stories of early Scottish emigration to the recent international have tended to pay attention to the miseries of evictions and the destruction of outdated groups. during this groundbreaking examine of the inflow of Scots to Prince Edward Island, the commonly held assumption that emigration was once exclusively a flight from poverty is challenged. by way of uncovering formerly unreported send crossings, in addition to quite a lot of manuscripts and underused resources equivalent to customs documents and newspaper delivery stories, the booklet presents the main entire account to this point of the inflow of Scots to the Island. "A Very fantastic category of Immigrants" is key studying for people wishing to track family members hyperlinks or deepen their realizing of the way and why the Island got here to procure its designated Scottish groups. And by way of gaining access to, for the 1st time, delivery assets like Lloyd's record and the Lloyd's delivery sign in, the writer brings a brand new measurement to our realizing of emigrant commute. Lucille H. Campey demonstrates that faraway from crusing on disease-ridden leaky tubs, as popularly imagined, the Island's Pioneer Scots often crossed the Atlantic at the top to be had ships of the time.
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Additional resources for A Very Fine Class of Immigrants: Prince Edward Island's Scottish Pioneers, 1770-1850
From the Glasgow Courier 9 April 1803. "Wanted a vessel to carry 400 passengers from Portree in Skye to St. John or Pictou, Nova Scotia, to be ready for sea by 1st June. The owner of the vessel to be at the expense of fitting up berths, furnishing water, casks and water with fuel and cooking places. "14 Selkirk also sought advice from McKnight and Mcllwraith, an Ayrshire firm which, by the early 1800s, had built up a considerable trade with Quebec in timber, potash and grain. 15 MacDonald was responsible for dealing with the Oughton's crew and cargo once she had completed her onward journey from Prince Edward Island to Quebec.
The arrangement suited Scottish proprietors as well, since they could transpose semi-feudal Scottish tenancies to the Island, and see a return on capital invested. Two groups left Scotland for the Island in 1770. The first consisted of 60 men, mainly from Perthshire, who sailed on the Falmouth from Greenock. 9 He employed David Lawson, an experienced flax farmer from Callander to recruit suitable emigrants on his behalf and later to run the plantation. Because Lawson did his recruiting locally, most emigrants shared his Perthshire origins.
Eflimjites to be given in to the ftil>fcribcr; the loweft only will be attended'to* ROBERT K A L L E Y Glafgov/, Jtli. Apriii 1803. Cost estimates invited from shippers for carrying 400 Skye people to Prince Edward Island or Pictou. From the Glasgow Courier 9 April 1803. "Wanted a vessel to carry 400 passengers from Portree in Skye to St. John or Pictou, Nova Scotia, to be ready for sea by 1st June. The owner of the vessel to be at the expense of fitting up berths, furnishing water, casks and water with fuel and cooking places.