A History of Latin America, Volume 1: Ancient America to by Benjamin Keen, Keith Haynes

By Benjamin Keen, Keith Haynes

This best-selling textual content for introductory Latin American historical past classes, A historical past of Latin the United States, encompasses political and diplomatic idea, category constitution and monetary association, tradition and faith, and the surroundings. The integrating framework is the dependency thought, the preferred interpretation of Latin American background, which stresses the industrial courting of Latin American countries to wealthier countries, quite the United States.Spanning pre-historic occasions to the current, A historical past of Latin the US makes use of either a chronological and a nation-by-nation method, and contains the latest historic research and the main up to date examine. this can be the main streamlined and cohesive variation but, with mammoth additions to pedagogy and bankruptcy content material. elevated assurance of social and cultural historical past comprises ladies, indigenous cultures, and Afro-Latino peoples.

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The Maya solved the same problem by having the stones on either side of the opening project farther and farther inward, bridging the two sides at the apex by a capstone. Other characteristics of the Maya architectural style were the great façades that were richly decorated with carved stone and high ornamental roof combs in temples and palaces. Inner walls were frequently covered with paintings, a few of which have survived to this day. The most celebrated of these paintings are the frescoes discovered in 1946 at Bonampak, an isolated site in the tropical forests of the northeastern corner of the Mexican state of Chiapas.

These books were painted on folding screens of native paper made of bark. Concerned above all with astronomy, divination, and other related topics, they reveal that Maya astronomers made observations and calculations of truly astounding complexity. The Maya had no alphabet, strictly speaking; the majority of their characters represent ideas or objects rather than sounds. But Maya writing had reached the stage of syllabic phonetics through the use of rebus writing, in which the sound of a word is represented by combining pictures or signs of things whose spoken names resemble sounds in the word to be formed.

A Time of Troubles, of obscure struggles and migrations of peoples, followed these disasters. Then new civilizations arose on the ruins of the old. The Postclassic stage, from about 1000 to 1500 CE, seems to have repeated on a larger, more complex scale the rise-and-fall pattern of the previous era. Chronic warfare, reflected in the number of fortifications and fortified communities, and an increased emphasis on urban living were distinguishing features of this stage. Another was the formation of empires through the subjugation of a number of states by one powerful state.

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